Doric Temple

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Dominating the Upper Agora and Bouleuterion was the Doric distylos in antis temple, in honour of Zeus, built on the highest terrace west of the market square. The temple was erected in the 2nd half of the 1st century BC, most probably during the reign of King Amyntas, and in the Augustan era expanded with a Corinthian propylon and temenos wall. With the installation of the new (Augustan) agora, an area sacra to the north of the square was created with the erection of two aligned heroa. Situated on both corners of the north side of the square, these monuments framed the Agora and were beacons throughout the urban landscape.

The Doric distylos in antis temple had pilasters on the 4 corners. The building stood on a podium that was only accessible by a staircase on its front side. A first transformation of the interior of the naos, possibly involving the application of marble wall veneer, took place at some point in time from the reign of the emperor Hadrian onwards. During the last quarter of the 4th century AD or more precisely around 400AD the temple had gone out of use and was transformed into a watch-tower and, like its temenos and part of the propylon, incorporated into the later fortifications around the civic centre.