Upper Agora

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This "political" square of the city goes back to the 3rd century BC, but in its current form it was enlarged, reoriented and paved under Augustus (25 BC - 14 AD). The main monuments around it are:

  1. The Bouleuterion (Council Hall), built ca 100 BC.
  2. The NW Heroon (honorific monument), built ca 0-14 AD.
  3. Four honorific columns for members of the most prominent family of the city (left columns for the brothers Krateros and Kalliklès), who had rearranged the Upper Agora under Augustus (25 BC - 14 AD). Their children would become the first Roman "citizens" of Sagalassos.
  4. Propylon of the Doric Temple (probably for Zeus), built ca 0-25 AD.
  5. Probably monument for the Tychè (Fortuna) of the city, built under Augustus (25 BC - 14 AD), in AD 374-383 reused for the empress Constantia (?), and the emperors Gratianus and Valentianus II, and later once more for the empress Flavia Eudoxia (AD 400 - 404).
  6. Honorific arch dedicated to the emperor Caligula (AD 37 - 41), but after his death rededicated to the emperor Claudius.
  7. Honorific arch dedicated to the emperor Claudius (AD 41 - 54).
  8. Macellum (food market) in AD 167 dedicated to the emperor Marcus Aurelius by P. Aelius Akulas.
  9. The Antonine nymphaeum (AD 161- 180).